Department of Biological Sciences

Faculty of Natural & Applied Sciences

The Department offers two (2) Academic Programmes viz:


The Biology Programme is designed to equip the students with the practical uses of biological knowledge and to inculcate in the students an entrepreneurial and problem-solving ability. The aim is to make the training relevant to the society, for example, in the conservation of natural habitats and endangered species or reducing the effects of environmental pollution.


The Biology Programme has been planned to equip students with practical application of biological knowledge as it emphasizes the relevance of biology-based knowledge and modern molecular skills to the functioning of the various industries such as research and product development, analysis and quality management, clinical and biological laboratories, public health, pharmaceutics or healthcare, environmental practices, conservation, water resources and aquatics etc. The Programme is also designed to produce entrepreneurial-minded graduates relevant to almost every sector of the economy and society with the benefit of being able to create employment. This programme is a four (4) year programme leading to the award of the Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree.

The objectives of this programme are:

  • To stimulate appreciation of the science of Biology and its diverse applications.
  • To provide the students with a broad, sound and balanced knowledge in a range of areas of basic Biology and Applied Biology in a stimulating and supportive environment that is enriched by research.
  • To develop in the students the knowledge and transferable skills to solving theoretical and practical problems in the varied aspects of the industry where they might be engaged.
  • To prepare the students for teaching in basic Biology and for postgraduate research work in Biology/Applied Biology or other Biology-related disciplines.
  • To provide the students training and orientation with inter and multi- disciplinary solution- generation approaches to industrial, economic, environmental, technological and social developmental issues as well as the knowledge and skills to create employments in these areas.
  • To provide the students with the knowledge and skills to create employments in varied areas of Biology.


The department offers a comprehensive programme in the general biology and to prepare its graduates for their important role in the advancement of life.The core courses are designed to give students wide exposure in the main and common areas which include cell biology, mycology, anatomy and physiology,genetics, ecology, plant tissue culture, plant pathology, mushroom technology, microbiology, Immunology and Immunochemistry, etc. Third year Biology core courses and applied entrepreneurship during the first semester and a six month industrial attachment (SIWES 300) period in the second semesteraffords them practical experience in diagnostic techniques in industries, etc.

Entry Requirements

Admission into the programme may either be by University Marticulation Examination (UME) or Direct Entry (DE).

  • Four year Intergrated Programme
    To qualify for admission, the candidate must possess at least five (5) credit passes in GCE, SSCE or NECO (O‟ Level), obtained at not more than two sittings, which must include: English Language, Mathematics and any other three subjects from the following: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Agricultural Science and Geography. In addition, he/she must have an acceptable pass in the University Matriculation Examination (UTME).

  • Direct Entry Candidates
    Candidates seeking admission through direct entry will normally enroll in the second year of the programme. To qualify for admission, the candidate must satisfy the requirements as specified in (a). In addition, the candidate must have an OND with a good credit pass.

  • Transfer Students
    Transfer students from recognized Universities shall be admitted in accordance with the condition stipulated in the Undergraduate Academic Regulation of Coal City University.

Job Opportunities

Opportunities for graduates of Biology span a wide spectrum ranging from national institutions to regional bodies and global centres such as CGIAR, FAO, WHO and UNEP that deals on issues bordering on food, agriculture, water, environment, health, population, exploration, diseases management, conservation, petrochemicals, etc.


In 22nd November, 2016, the National Universities Commission approved the issuance of provisional licence for the establishment of Coal City University, Enugu, with the commencement of Microbiology programme. The first set of the students numbering 20 were admitted for the 2016/2017 academic session. The pioneer Coordinator, Department of Biological Sciences was Dr. Constance Ezemba.


The field of Biology is one which has undergone a lot of evolution and continues to evolve everyday, since the early twentieth century. Early studies in Biology were devoted more to the study of life-cycles of organisms and similarities in their physical appearances. But with advancements in the field of genetics, aided mainly by studies of microorganisms, Microbiology emerged as one of the most important areas of study in the life sciences.

The Department of Biological Sciences, Microbiology programme at Coal City Universityis intended to be at the forefront of teaching and learning, research and development, knowledge creation and dissemination in the field of Microbiology and is aimed at producing world class microbiologists.

Microbiology has taken a pivotal role in the study and advancement of life sciences, being the foundation on which Modern Biotechnology was built. It is therefore relevant in all fields of research and development for the improvement of human life. Its many applications have brought advancements, through Biotechnology, in such areas as Medical Diagnosis, Brewing, Agriculture, Industrial Production of food and pharmaceuticals, Environmental Monitoring, Bioremediation, Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and other emerging areas of Biotechnology. Hence, it is imperative that the student of Microbiology should be properly equipped to play the expected roles in these important areas of life.

The programme is designed to:

  • To give students a sound exposure to the theory and practice of Microbiology.
  • To equip students with adequate research techniques to enable them function as lecturers in universities and other tertiary institutions, research officers and consultants in the many fields of application of Microbiology.
  • To equip students with adequate practical knowledge to enable them become self reliant as producers of many food and industrial products of microbial activity.
  • To produce world class microbiologists who can compete with their counterparts the world over and fit into advanced programmes within the country and outside it.


The Department offers a very robust and forward-looking programme in the general and applied areas of Microbiology to prepare its graduates for their important role in the advancement of life. The core courses are designed to give students wide exposure in the main areas, which include Medical, Industrial/Food and Environmental Microbiology, including Climate Change studies. The students undergo industrial attachment during their third year of study, which affords them practical experience in diagnostic techniques and other microbiological processes in hospitals and industries.

Job Opportunities

Students, on successful graduation, can take up careers such as lecturing and/or research in universities, polytechnics and biomedical research centers. They can find employment opportunities in some government agencies such as Centers for Disease Control, Food and Drug Administration Agencies, Water Corporations, Waste Management Agencies, Environmental Control and Protection Agencies, Environmental Impact Assessment Agencies and other quality control agencies.

Graduates can also find employment in a variety of industrial (e.g., food/pharmaceutical industries) establishments as well as in medical, public health, agricultural and veterinary laboratories. Opportunities also exist for graduates in the fermentation industries as represented by the breweries, alcohol distilleries, as well soft drink and fruit juice production industries.

Entry Requirements

  • UTME Entry Requirement
    Candidates who have satisfied the minimum university requirements for admission are required to obtain credit level passes in English language, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics in the West African School Certificate (WASC)/General Certificate of Education (GCE)/Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSSCE), National Examination Council (NECO) or any other acceptable equivalent certificate.

  • Direct Entry Requirement
    The DEP considers and admits candidates with NCE, ND and HND (or their equivalents) into the three-year programme in the faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences (FNAS). Candidates with NCE/ND are required to have obtained a minimum of credit level passes in four subjects and credit/pass in English language in an approved examination body: The West African School Certificate (WASC), General Certificate of Education (GCE), Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSSCE), National Examination Council (NECO), NABTEB or any other acceptable equivalent certificate.

The waiver of courses in any department will depend on the background level of the candidate and it is determined by the Faculty and Departmental Boards.

  • Holders of the School Certificate or its equivalent with at least four credit level passes and a pass in English Language in addition to approved 2-year diploma for related courses
  • Holders of the NCE with at least a Merit aggregate; plus a minimum of credit pass in the subject to be combined with education are eligible for the three-year degree programme
  • Holders of the HND/ND with at least a Merit aggregate; plus a minimum of credit pass in the subject to be combined with education are eligible for the three-year degree programme.

Candidates are required to obtain passes at Higher School Certificate or GCE A/L in Chemistry, Biology, Zoology, and Botany in addition to the UTME Entry requirements. Expected programme duration for Direct Entry candidates is 3 years.

SIWES Rating and Assessment

All students taking any degree in the sciences must undergo minimum of six months Industrial Training with a minimum of 6 credits units. Students should be assessed using the Log Book, a report and a seminar.

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