Department of Chemical Sciences

Faculty of Natural & Applied Sciences

The Department offers two (2) Academic Programmes viz:





Introduction

Chemistry is the index of industrial development everywhere in the world. The frontiers of chemistry are very large, ranging from one extreme of natural products to those synthesized by man. The giant strides made by man in the understanding and exploitation of nature, synthesis of new materials essential to the enhancement of the quality of life, and the surge in and sustenance of economic and technological progress have benefited immensely from chemistry and chemical technology. For economic sustenance and technological breakthrough, the undergraduate programme is designed to encompass an appreciation of the centrality of chemical sciences in the entire undergraduate curricula. It is also planned to arouse entrepreneurial spirits needed for self-employment and economic emancipation.

Objectives

The degree programme in Chemistry has the following objectives:

  • To stimulate in the students sustained interest and enthusiasm in chemistry and applications.
  • To provide students with a thorough grounding in principles and sound knowledge of scientific methods of the chemical sciences.
  • Arouse a sense of curiosity and enquiring mind, in order to encourage and develop creative thinking and research aptitudes.
  • Provide students with a broad and balanced base of chemical knowledge and practical skills.
  • Generate in students an awareness of the enormous resources in their immediate environment so as to enhance solution to the challenges of our time in a march towards nation building.
  • To educate and train chemists, particularly applied chemists, who can think fundamentally about their subject and who can acquire as graduates a meaningful picture of the chemical and allied industries.
  • Provide students with a solid base of chemical knowledge and skills that are required for postgraduate studies and research.
  • Inculcate in students appropriate skills and abilities to manage and administer technological operations within the field of chemistry and allied areas.
  • It is intended that graduates of this programme will be able to adapt themselves to jobs which are problem solving or results oriented in the chemical, petrochemical, biochemical and allied technological field viz, food, environmental, textiles, polymer etc.

Job Opportunities

The successful graduates are equipped for higher studies and careers in teaching, research institutes, chemical laboratories, Ministries of Science and Technology, Education, Agriculture, Health, Industry, Environment and in such diverse industriesas vegetable oils,soap and detergents, paints and varnishes, plastics, brewing, pharmaceuticals, sugar, paper and pulp, textiles, fertilizer, cement, ceramics, iron and steel, petroleum, coal, dyestuff, etc. Our graduates are also equipped for self-employment.

Admission Requirements

In addition to the University’s minimum entry requirements, the following conditions must be met:

  • UTME Candidates
    Candidates seeking admission through UTME are required to obtain credit in Chemistry, English Language, Physics and Mathematics in the Senior Secondary School certificates or its equivalent prior to admission.

  • Direct Entry Candidates
    Direct entry Candidates must have passed Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics in G.C.E. (Advanced Level) or HSC (Principal Level) or other equivalent examination.



Introduction

Biochemistry is a field of science that has to do with the study of chemical processes occurring in living matter. It encompasses an incredibly diverse fields of research that touch nearly all aspects of lives. Biochemistry as a field of study has brought great improvement in the increase of crop yields, bioremediation of contaminated soils, production of biofuels, genetic mapping of ecosystem to monitor biodiversity, etc. Biochemistry is applied in our everyday existence in the field of health research. It is also a key to the understanding of a myraid of health issues, from diabetes to artherioscleresis and cancer, among others.

From the aforementioned, it is evident that biochemistry virtually touches all aspects of life with specialty in such areas as medical biochemistry, pharmacological biochemistry, industrial biochemistry, nutritional biochemistry, molecular biochemistry, etc. The programme offers courses leading to the award of a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree. It is anticipated that at the appropriate time, the department will start postgraduate studies leading to the award of Master’s Degree (M.Sc.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Biochemistry.


Brief History of the Department

In 22nd November, 2016, the National Universities Commission approved the issuance of provisional licence for the establishment of Coal City University, Enugu, with the commencement of Microbiology programme. The first set of the students numbering 9 were admitted for the 2016/2017 academic session. The pioneer Coordinator, Department of Chemical Sciences was Mrs. Judith N. Ajima, under the headship of Prof. F. I. Ezema as the Dean of the Faculty.

Objectives and Scope of the programme

The programme aims at producing graduate Biochemists, who will not only be equipped with knowledge in all the  modern aspects of the discipline, but are also conscious of the particular needs of Nigeria in particular and Africa in general in the special areas. Therefore, the degree programme lays much emphasis on such locally important topics as nutrition and food science; the biochemistry of the soil and of locally significant microorganisms, plants and animals; biochemical aspects of diseases; the biochemical basis of chemotherapy, including African traditional medicine; human biochemical genetics. In particular, the emphasis on making the student aware of the biochemical problems of his immediate environment is reflected in the inclusion of a ‘Research Project’ on a biochemical topic as one of the compulsory courses in the final year of every Biochemistry major.


Hence the biochemistry programme is distinctive in its training and research as revealed in its objectives:

  • To create a learning environment for the students to assume full partnership in research and development
  • To deliver and employ quality teaching facilities which will instigate student’s interests for self- improvement and self-development
  • To engage students in research programmes that are highly interdisciplinary and collaborative: thus faculty and students to work on projects without limitations or departmental boundaries
  • To create aprogramme which is designed towards ensuring that graduates will be competitive in the job market
  • To promote and support diversity and inclusion in the research and educational missions to meet the needs of students, faculty and staff

Job Opportunities

There is an acute shortage of biochemists at present to study the soils, fertilizers, feedstuffs, insecticides, plant and animal hormones, plant growth-regulators, herbicides, etc., particularly with special regard to the West African sub-region. Biochemical knowledge is lacking with regard to plant and animal nutrition and disease, the biochemical aspects of germination, growth ripening and spoilage of fruits and crops, and several other such topics which are vitally important to agriculture and veterinary science in West Africa.


There is also a desperate need for trained personnel to conduct studies on tropical products of economic significance (such as hides and skin, commercially important natural fibres, timbers, gums, resins and other forest products), with particular reference to the biochemical problems connected with their production, utilization, storage, bio-deterioration, etc.Local industrial undertakings, particularly those based on raw materials obtained from animal, plant and microbial sources (such as those industries concerned with foods beverages, cosmetics pharmaceutical, etc.) are bound to need increasing numbers of Biochemists in their product-development and quality-control laboratories. The opportunities outlined here are additional to the traditional areas in which Biochemists are needed including the Petrochemical Industry.

Entry Requirements

For the Bachelor of Science degree in Biochemistry, the courses offered extend over a period of three years for direct entry students, and four years for students who gain admission through the entrance examination.


Admission Requirements for UME

UME candidates must possess passes at credit levels in Biology, Chemistry Physics, Mathematics and English Language in the West African School Certificate or its equivalent at the point of entry.


Admission Requirements for Direct Entry

Direct entry candidates are required to have obtained the General Certificate of Education at Advanced Level or the Higher School Certificate at Principal Level in Chemistry, Biology (Botany or Zoology) and Physics plus Credit levels in Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Mathematics and English Language in the West African School Certificate or its equivalent, at the point of entry.

Stress Areas

The stress areas of the Department are as follows:

  • General Biochemistry and Bioinformatics
  • Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
  • Medical Biochemistry
  • Enzymology and Protein Biochemistry
  • Plant, Food and Nutritional Biochemistry
  • Lipid and Lipoprotein Biochemistry
  • Pharmacological Biochemistry and Toxicology
  • Immunology and Immunochemistry
  • Membrane Bioenergetics and Environmental Biochemistry
  • Biochemical Methods
  • Seminar/Project

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